European Principles of Care for Women and Girls with Bleeding Disorders

In 2020, the Committee on Women and Bleeding Disorders on behalf of European Association for Haemophilia and Allied Disorders (EAHAD) and the European Haemophilia Consortium (EHC) produced the 10 Principles of care for women with a bleeding disorder.
These act a guide for diagnosis and comprehensive multidisciplinary management for women and girls with bleeding disorders and create awareness of the unique challenges faced in access to treatment and services at clinics.
Implementation of these principles aims to positively impact the health, wellbeing and quality of life for women and girls with bleeding disorders, along with equitable access and quality of care for all individuals with bleeding disorders, irrespective of gender.

What does this mean?

  1. Equitable access and quality of care for all individuals with bleeding disorders, irrespective of gender
    • Ensure access to care for both female-specific and general bleeding symptoms
    • Appropriate multidisciplinary care, treatments and counselling
  2. Timely and accurate diagnosis of bleeding disorders in women and girls
    • Education of Public and Healthcare Professionals of normal and abnormal bleeding patterns
    • Clear referral pathways
    • Systematic approach to identification and testing of female carriers
    • Registration with Haemophilia Centres
  3. Awareness of the additional challenges faced by WGBD throughout life
    • Psychological support for bleeding symptoms
    • Improved medical management
    • More effective self-management
    • Individual treatment plans
    • Avoidance of unnecessary surgical interventions
  4. Provision of comprehensive care in a family-centred approach
    • Every patient contact is an opportunity to identify other affected family members/carriers
    • Provide family centred approach to education
    • Smooth transition of care from adolescents to adult services
  5. Inclusion of a dedicated obstetrician and gynaecologist in the multidisciplinary team
    • Multidisciplinary management plans
    • Clinical guidelines
    • Individualized patient-centred care plan
  6. Education of WGBD and their families regarding the menstrual cycle and its management
    • Education programs supported by Medical Societies and Patient Organisations
    • Age-appropriate and culturally sensitive written information
    • Self-assessment and management
    • Strategies for prevention and immediate access to care for abnormal bleeding
  7. Early recognition and optimal management of heavy menstrual bleeding
    • Awareness of risk of Heavy Menstrual Bleeding at menarche and peri-menopause
    • Regular and standardised assessment of menstrual blood loss (pictorial bleeding assessment chart)
    • Clear pathways for diagnosis and treatment of Heavy Menstrual Bleeding
  8. Provision of pre-conception counselling and access to prenatal diagnostics
    • Comprehensive, timely preconception counselling
    • Reproductive choices discussed in a safe and non-judgmental way
    • Genetic and Prenatal diagnosis
  9. Provision of a patient-centred comprehensive management plan throughout pregnancy and the post-partum period
    • Clear birth plans and management protocols
    • Patient and partner involvement
    • Assessment of clotting factor status and iron levels
    • Awareness of risk of Bleeding at Delivery
    • Anticipate neonatal bleeding risks
  10. Involvement of WGBD in registries, clinical research and innovation
    • Uniform, internationally-defined outcome measures
    • Capturing of female-specific outcome measures in databases
    • Sex-specific drug development
    • Active involvement of women in study design